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Fireball Reports from 2007

Fireball reports, especially those made from the British Isles and nearby areas, are always welcomed by the SPA Meteor Section. See the Making and Reporting Fireball Observations page on this website for details of what to record on seeing a fireball, where and how to report your data.

Below is a list of some of the fireballs reported to the Section from 2007. It mainly consists of those events seen away from the major meteor shower maxima (when fireballs are more common), unless the objects were not part of the meteor shower in question, or were particularly impressive. A "*" in the 'Magnitude and Notes' column indicates further details are given below the table.

Table of Fireball Reports

 

Date Time (UT) Magnitude and Notes Observed from
07/01/4 ~13:15 Brilliant; re-entry event; imaged* Western Mountain States, USA
07/01/5-6 22:55 +/- 2m -3/-9?* W Yorkshire
07/01/7-8 23:00 +/- 15m Very bright Northamptonshire
07/01/13-14 04:15 -10/-13?; fragmented Suffolk
07/01/15-16 08:20 Brilliant; just before sunrise S Lanarkshire
07/01/23-24 ~07:30 Very bright; multiple reports* Notts, Merseyside & Wales
07/01/25-26 ~17:30 Bright Powys
07/02/3-4 20:31 +/- 3m -10/-12; 22 reports* England, Wales, Eire, N Ireland
07/02/6-7 19:56 -7/-10; 11 reports; imaged* England & Netherlands
07/02/7-8 18:30-19:00 Very bright Northumberland
07/02/7-8 ~19:40-19:45 -3 or more; 3 reports* Cheshire, Cumbria, S Lanarkshire
07/02/7-8 ~21:00 Very bright; green Falkirk
07/02/12-13 ~22:31-22:34 Brighter than -3 Wiltshire
07/02/14-15 20:25 At least -3; 4 reports* N Yorks, Essex, Oxon, Berks
07/03/1-2 19:57 -3/-6 S Yorkshire
07/03/2-3 ~18:30 Bright Tyne & Wear
07/03/3-4 ~22:45 Bright W Yorkshire
07/03/7-8 ~01:30 Bright Suffolk
07/03/13-14 23:01 -4/-6; 2 reports E Sussex & Hants
07/03/13-14 00:41 Bright Hampshire
07/03/18-19 ~20:40 Very bright Kent
07/03/19-20 ~23:00 Bright; slow* Staffordshire
07/03/22-23 20:05 -4/-6; orange-red* Dumfriesshire
07/03/23-24 19:20 Very bright; seen from indoors Lancashire
07/03/23-24 ~01:00 Bright Cumbria
07/03/26-27 ~20:00-20:15 Bright; fragmented Worcestershire
07/04/2-3 ~17:25 In daylight; slow Norfolk
07/04/5-6 ~22:05 At least -4* Caithness
07/04/6-7 20:45 +/- 5m -4/-6? Isle of Man
07/04/6-7 ~22:05 -4 or brighter* Staffordshire
07/04/7-8 ~16:30 In daylight Lincolnshire
07/04/8-9 00:11 At least -3; fragmented Hampshire
07/04/9-10 20:15 At least -3 Wiltshire
07/05/3-4 ~20:30-20:45 -4/-7 Staffordshire
07/05/3-4 20:58-20:59 -3/-6; 3 reports* Lancs, Staffs, Hants
07/05/3-4 ~21:15-21:30 -4/-7 Cheshire
07/05/7-8 20:12 Very bright Hampshire
07/05/12-13 01:10 Bright; seen from indoors Suffolk
07/05/17-18 22:22 -3/-5; possibly 2 reports Hants & Somerset
07/05/21-22 ~03:00 -9/-10? Wiltshire
07/05/28-29 ~23:30 -5/-6 Co Derry
07/07/21-22 ~21:15 Very bright Northamptonshire
07/07/23-24 22:16 -3 or more* Hartlepool
07/07/28-29 ~22:55 -8/-10? Co Durham
07/07/31-32 ~21:00-21:20 Bright* Normandy, France
07/07/31-32 22:57 -7/-9* Oxfordshire
07/07/31-32 23:01 -9/-14?; 5 reports* SW Scotland, N England, W Ireland
07/08/2-3 ~23:25 Bright; possibly 2 reports Worcs & Shrops
07/08/2-3 00:00 About -6* Oxfordshire
07/08/3-4 ~22:30-23:00 Bright; multiple sightings? E Riding of Yorks & Hull
07/08/3-4 01:36 -6; possible SDA? Co Derry
07/08/5-6 ~21:10 -5/-11; 2 reports Bucks & Hants
07/08/5-6 21:28 -3; PER Northamptonshire
07/08/6-7 ~21:40 -2/-3?; satellite flash?* Pembrokeshire
07/08/6-7 21:48 At least -3 Northamptonshire
07/08/7-8 23:31 -6; partly imaged* Co Derry
07/08/8-9 00:05 -4; PER Northumberland
07/08/8-9 01:10 At least -8; 2 reports Devon
07/08/9-10 21:44 -3/-4 Northamptonshire
07/08/9-10 ~00:45 Bright; in clouds Galloway
07/08/9-10 ~00:45-00:50 -8/-9?; PER; in clouds Galloway
07/08/21-22 20:41 Bright; extremely slow* Essex
07/08/23-24 22:21 Brilliant Northumberland
07/08/24-25 20:10 Bright Somerset
07/09/4-5 ~19:45 Possible fireball; media reports NE England
07/09/5-6 22:27 Bright E Yorkshire
07/09/7-8 22:22 -4/-5; seen from indoors Surrey
07/09/14-15 ~20:45-21:00 Very bright Lewis (Outer Hebrides)
07/09/15-16 ~21:30 -5/-10?* W Sussex
07/10/5-6 ~18:22 -5/-8? 6 reports* England S of Cheshire
07/10/5-6 05:17 -10/-12?; seen from indoors Cornwall
07/10/16-17 ~19:45 -8/-12 Belfast
07/10/17 13:40 In daylight; 2 reports* Somerset & Powys
07/10/17-18 20:40 Very bright Hampshire
07/10/19-20 18:50 At least -5 Northamptonshire
07/10/23-24 21:04 -3/-4 Galloway
07/11/11-12 00:10 Very bright* Ayrshire
07/11/13-14 00:15 Very bright* Hampshire
07/11/14-15 20:12 At least -3 Nottinghamshire
07/11/24-25 22:40 Bright Cumbria
07/11/25-26 ~18:08 Very bright; 2 reports* Belgium & Netherlands
07/11/28-29 18:51 -2/-3?* Cornwall
07/11/29-30 21:53-21:54 -2/-3?* Hampshire
07/12/1-2 19:33 -2/-5? London
07/12/2-3 04:09 -2/-5? Wiltshire
07/12/3-4 ~20:55 Bright Northumberland
07/12/4-5 03:47 At least -3; GEM; fragmented Co Derry
07/12/6-7 23:50 -3/-5?* W Midlands
07/12/15-16 ~19:40 At least -3/-5; 4 reports* Cheshire, Lincs & Worcs
07/12/17-18 17:12 Bright Warwickshire
07/12/20-21 23:38 Bright; 2 reports* Hampshire & Ayrshire
07/12/26-27 18:51 At least -3/-4 Staffordshire

 

Detailed Reports

 

Date Time (UT) Notes Details
07/01/4 ~13:15 Brilliant; re-entry event; imaged*; Western Mountain States, USA Though rather further afield than the near-UK fireball reports usually dealt with here, the spectacular January 4 event over the western USA attracted a number of comments and queries, and even some sightings from the USA came through to the SPA directly. The meteor happened at ~6:15 a.m. Mountain Standard Time, and was observed by witnesses from at least nine states, between Montana south to Arizona and New Mexico, east as far as Kansas and Nebraska. The fireball was due to the re-entry of the second stage of a polar-orbiting Russian Soyuz SL-4 rocket, which had launched the COROT French space telescope from Baikonur on 2006 December 27. There was a report of some fallen debris afterwards over Wyoming, but this remained unconfirmed. Links to descriptions of the event, including a map of the flight and video clips, can be found on the SPA's General Chat Forum. A possible meteorite fall (identity uncertain) through a property in New Jersey, USA on January 2, was mistakenly linked with the January 4 re-entry fireball in some reports. The two appeared to be entirely unrelated. Notes concerning this January 2 event can also be traced via the above SPA Forum link.
07/01/5-6 22:55 +/- 2m -3/-9?*; W Yorkshire A good sighting report of the January 5-6 fireball can be found on the SPA's Observing Forum.
07/01/23-24 ~07:30 Very bright; multiple reports*; Notts, Merseyside & Wales Observations of the January 23-24 near-dawn fireball included a number of somewhat vague media notices from parts of Wales, between the Lleyn Peninsula in the northwest to Swansea. The available data suggested the object was slow-moving, and that it probably headed roughly north to south over the Irish Sea some way west of Wales. An Observing Forum topic has further notes, including a link to a BBC News page with an image that may have been of this event.
07/02/3-4 20:31 +/- 3m -10/-12; 22 reports*; England, Wales, Eire, N Ireland Reports on the February 3-4 fireball reached the SPA from an area whose outer limits were bounded by Cumbria, NE Lincolnshire, Hampshire, Cornwall, Dublin and Co Down. Most of the sightings came from near-coastal Wales and SW England. Unfortunately, very people were able to give accurate sky-positions for the trail, so the following suggested trajectory is only a very crude estimate. However, the track probably trended east to west, and the visible flight likely ended above St George's Channel or the Celtic Sea, but it may even have continued beyond the southern Irish coast, to Co Waterford, eastern Co Cork or possibly southern Co Wexford. It may have first become visible near the Bristol Channel, perhaps above north Devon or south Wales. Several message strands on the SPA Forum discussed this event, which have links to still more sightings posted elsewhere, but all can be traced now through one topic on the Observing Forum.
07/02/6-7 19:56 -7/-10; 11 reports; imaged*; England & Netherlands February 6-7 brought another fireball witnessed from multiple sites, including this time by Klaas Jobse's all-sky fireball patrol camera, part of the European Fireball Network, located at Oostkapelle in the Netherlands. The image can be traced via Klaas' photographic archive. UK visual reports arrived from Surrey, London, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Berkshire, Cambridgeshire and Cheshire, plus there were more visual sightings made in the Netherlands. Information extracted from Klaas' image was combined with the better British positional data to allow a reasonable trajectory to be estimated for this meteor, and a simple sketch-map showing the projected surface track for its flight is below [click on image for enlarged view].
fb070206_col_thumb.gif
Projected surface track
On the map, the red target symbols indicate some of the main observing locations for the meteor, while the solid, arrowed red line, attached to the Dutch observing site by black lines, shows the imaged part of the trail. The dashed extension of the red line gives the likely end of the visible trail, which was not imaged. The start of the imaged trail was probably around 80 km altitude above the North Sea ~45 km east of the North Foreland in Kent, some 50 km north of Gravelines in northern France, at approximately 51.5° N, 2° E. From there, the fireball flew NW on a very shallow trajectory, only about 8° from the horizontal (so virtually grazing the meteor layer in the atmosphere), crossing the English coast just north of Felixstowe in Suffolk. The last part imaged was probably at ~65 km altitude above a point around 7 km NE of Stowmarket, Suffolk, not far from Mendlesham, at circa 52.25° N, 1° E. The end of the visible trail was plausibly a little further NW of this point, at ~61 km altitude, ~10 km east of Thetford, Norfolk, close to 52.4° N, 0.8° E, if so. This latter position is merely a best-estimate, however. Assuming these details to be correct, the imaged atmospheric path would have been some 110 km long. The photographed path duration (available because Klaas' system used a rotating shutter, which broke the exposure periodically, to allow such apparent velocity measurements) was about 4.56 seconds, leading to a mean atmospheric velocity for the photographed part of the trail, not allowing for atmospheric deceleration, of ~24 km/sec. This tallied with most of the visual observations, which tended to mention the meteor was slow-moving, and relatively long-lasting. The full visible path-length was probably ~135 km (if so, lasting ~5.6 seconds). Most witnesses mentioned the object fragmented later in its flight, while the imaged trail and a couple of the witnesses suggested a short-lived persistent train may have happened after the fireball vanished too. No meteorites were recovered afterwards, but only a very vague potential fall zone could be identified, from the Pennines of northern England to the southern Grampians of central Scotland, while the meteor's very shallow entry-angle and relatively high visible end suggested meteorites would have been unlikely to survive anyway.
07/02/7-8 ~19:40-19:45 -3 or more; 3 reports*; Cheshire, Cumbria, S Lanarkshire A best-estimate for the circa 19:40-19:45 UT event on February 7-8 suggested it may have flown on a roughly SW-NE trajectory from high above Cardigan Bay/west Wales, passing NW of Manchester, to end somewhere over the Leeds-Bradford/east Lancashire/SW North Yorkshire area.
07/02/14-15 20:25 At least -3; 4 reports*; N Yorks, Essex, Oxon, Berks Notes from the observers of the February 14-15 fireball can be found on the SPA's Observing Forum. The meteor was probably over the North Sea off the Belgian coast near Oostende for part of its flight.
07/03/19-20 ~23:00 Bright; slow*; Staffordshire The initial report and subsequent discussion of the March 19-20 fireball can be found on the SPA's Observing Forum too.
07/03/22-23 20:05 -4/-6; orange-red*; Dumfriesshire The witness of the March 22-23 fireball spotted a second red meteor, of magnitude -1/-2 perhaps, very soon after the fireball.
07/04/5-6 ~22:05 At least -4*; Caithness The oddly coincidental timings for the April 5-6 and second April 6-7 events, and some early confusion over their dates, led to an initial suggestion they were sightings of the same fireball. The separation of the observers and the apparent sky-locations of the fireballs' trails confirmed them as different meteors, and the dates were later shown to be different too. Additional notes and the preliminary sighting reports are here on the SPA's Observing Forum.
07/04/6-7 ~22:05 -4 or brighter*, Staffordshire
07/05/3-4 20:58-20:59 -3/-6; 3 reports*; Lancs, Staffs, Hants Some information on the May 3-4, 20:58-20:59 UT fireball can be found on the SPA's Observing Forum. It was possible to triangulate to an approximate trajectory for the meteor, although the start was not well-constrained. The fireball probably became first visible at around 90 km altitude somewhere above an area from roughly the southwest shore of The Wash inland to Oakham in Rutland. It seemed to have descended at a fairly shallow angle to the horizontal from there on a WSW-trending track, and ended at about 68 +/- 3 km altitude above a point not far from Redditch in Worcestershire, perhaps quite close to 52.3° N, 1.9° W. The visible trail may have been up to 150 km or so long. The shallow entry angle and high end-point suggested by this counted against meteorites surviving, but any that reached the surface likely ended up at the bottom of the Celtic Sea anyway, perhaps ~100 km south of Cork Harbour in Ireland, projecting on from the established trajectory. Rather curiously, at least two other fireballs seemed to have happened within the hour centred on this event, each seen from just one place.
07/07/23-24 22:16 -3 or more*; Hartlepool The initial sighting report for the July 23-24 fireball is on the SPA's Observing Forum.
07/07/31-32 ~21:00-21:20 Bright*; Normandy, France Three separate fireball events seemed to have happened on July 31-32 (that is, July 31 to August 1), as seen from the UK and nearby. The first, sometime between 21:00-21:20 UT as spotted from northern France might have been seen from southern England too, though no British reports on it arrived. The other two apparently occurred within a few minutes of one another, either side of 23h UT. Some details on the 22:57 UT event are available on the SPA's Observing Forum. This meteor passed a short way south of overhead from Oxfordshire, perhaps on a track trending SSW-NNE, high above a line between roughly Winchester and the northern Chilterns, about midway between Didcot and Aylesbury, as a best-estimate. Four witnesses spotted the 23:01 UT event, and a partial triangulation to the trail was possible. Its start was not well-constrained, but assuming a height of ~90 km, it may have lain somewhere on an arc from the Ludlow area west of Birmingham to, perhaps more probably, Manchester. The trail's end was better-located, as data from the two observers able to provide positional information fitted closely to an end height of ~61 km above a point over the Irish Sea ~15 km off the Cumbrian coast due south of Bootle, Cumbria. This would have been around 54.2° N, 3.6° W. Of the sightings, two suggested the meteor was blue-white, one that it was more green-white, and two mentioned there was some sparkling along the trail (probably due to small fragments braking off the incoming meteoroid). The Co Meath sighting report for this 23:01 UT event can be found on the Irish Astronomy's Observing Reports forum.
07/07/31-32 22:57 -7/-9*; Oxfordshire
07/07/31-32 23:01 -9/-14?; 5 reports*; SW Scotland, N England, W Ireland
07/08/2-3 00:00 About -6*; Oxfordshire Some initial notes on the August 2-3, 00h UT fireball are on the SPA Forum, with the second July 31 event.
07/08/6-7 ~21:40 -2/-3?; satellite flash?*; Pembrokeshire Comments about the suspected minor fireball or satellite flash on August 6-7, seen as if it had been a point-source meteor (that is, a short-lived point of light, because the meteor was travelling directly towards the witness through the atmosphere) can be read on the Observing Forum. It could not be established which explanation was more likely in this case.
07/08/7-8 23:31 -6; partly imaged*; Co Derry Images showing a small part of the August 7-8 fireball, caught as it slipped behind some near-horizon trees, is available on the Perseids 2007 topic of the UK Weather World's Space Weather forum.
07/08/21-22 20:41 Bright; extremely slow*; Essex Notes and a web-linked report for the August 21-22 possible fireball can be found on the SPA's Observing Forum.
07/09/15-16 ~21:30 -5/-10?*; West Sussex Initial details on the September 15-16 fireball are also on the SPA's Observing Forum.
07/10/5-6 ~18:22 -5/-8? 6 reports*; England S of Cheshire A best-estimate for the 18:22 UT fireball on October 5-6 suggested it may have passed high over central and eastern England, possibly on a roughly NW-SE track. Sightings came from Cheshire, the West Midlands, Essex, Somerset, Surrey and Kent. As the event happened while the sky was still twilit, the magnitude may be too faint.
07/10/17 13:40 In daylight; 2 reports*; Somerset & Powys One of the two sightings of the October 17 daylight fireball can be found on the UK Weather World's Space Weather forum.
07/11/11-12 00:10 Very bright*; Ayrshire The original sighting reports for the November 11-12 and 13-14 fireballs can be found respectively on the UK Weather World's Space Weather forum and the SPA's Observing Forum.
07/11/13-14 00:15 Very bright*; Hampshire
07/11/25-26 ~18:08 Very bright; 2 reports*; Belgium & Netherlands Analysis of the November 25-26 fireball sightings indicated the object probably moved on a general south to north track from a point high above the Belgium-Holland border area north of Antwerp, over or near Rotterdam, to end close to the Dutch coast further north. Although this probable trajectory might have been seen from SE England or East Anglia, no UK reports arrived on it. Leader of the Belgian VVS meteor group, Christian Steyaert, kindly forwarded details of the Dutch observation to us.
07/11/28-29 18:51 -2/-3?*; Cornwall Sighting details for the November 28-29 and 29-30 minor fireballs are in two separate topics on the SPA's Observing Forum, here and here.
07/11/29-30 21:53-21:54 -2/-3?*; Hampshire
07/12/6-7 23:50 -3/-5?*; W Midlands Notes about the December 6-7 fireball can be read on the Observing Forum as well.
07/12/15-16 ~19:40 At least -3/-5; 4 reports*; Cheshire, Lincs & Worcs One of the four observations of the December 15-16 fireball is also on the Observing Forum, though it was almost certainly not a Geminid as suggested there initially. The meteor may have followed a south to north trending path over eastern England or the North Sea nearby.
07/12/20-21 23:38 Bright; 2 reports*; Hampshire & Ayrshire One of the four observations of the December 15-16 fireball is also on the Observing Forum, though it was almost certainly not a Geminid as suggested there initially. The meteor may have followed a south to north trending path over eastern England or the North Sea nearby.

Added by:  Robin Scagell